Much about rape seems transhistorical. When historians are faced with evidence of continuity – such as the dismal acquittal rate, under-reporting, rape myths such as women enjoy being forced and say no when they mean yes – they have assumed that the history of rape is one of continuity rather than change. The manner in which assumptions about women and men’s relative accountability for rape, including various types of ‘victim-blaming’, inform the nature and outcome of rape trials and media coverage in the present would seem, therefore, to apply also to earlier periods. In this paper, I shall show that the focus of rape trials in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century had undergone a dramatic change by the end of the century – with far-reaching implications – and offer some explanation for such change.
Garthine Walker is Reader in History at Cardiff University, a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellow (2013-16), and specialises in the histories of early modern gender and crime, and in approaches to historical writing. Publications include Crime, Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge UP, 2003), several edited volumes including Gender and Change: Agency, Chronology and Periodisation (2009) and Writing Early Modern History (2005). Her article on rape, acquittal and culpability, in Past & Present 220 (2013) won the Sutherland Prize of the American Society for Legal History for the Best Article on English History. She is also Co-Investigator on an AHRC-funded four-year project, ‘Women Negotiating the Boundaries of Justice: Britain and Ireland c.1100-c.1750’.
The Modern History Reading Group and the Centre for Peace Historyare pleased to invite you for the first of a series of talks in the autumn term.
On Thursday, 8 October 2015, Rebecca Shriver will speak about:
‘Birthing a Peaceful Political Order: Gender and the European Idea, 1919-1933’
In her talk, she will outline some of the networks of German, French and eventually also British anti-war advocates who promoted integration after the First World War, and discuss how gender factored into their ideas for creating a European polity.
Rebecca Shriver is a PhD-candidate at Florida State University at Tallahassee. She has published a chapter on ‘Women, Pacifism, and the Pan-European Union’ in Isabel Valente (ed.), Pela Paz! For Peace! Pour la Paix! (1849-1939), Bruxelles. Bern. Berlin: Peter Lang, 2014
Today our own Julie Gottlieb features on BBC Radio 4’s Womens Hour talking about her upcoming conference: Rethinking Right-Wing Women.
This two-day international conference explores the relationship between women and conservatism since the late 19th century. In the media frenzy and the re-enactment of the visceral political divisions of the 1980s that greeted the death of Margaret Thatcher in April, 2013, it soon became clear that Britain’s first woman Prime Minister was being portrayed as an aberrant figure who had emerged from a party of men. It appeared that the media and the public had not been well enough served by academics in making sense of and contextualizing the Thatcher phenomenon and, more broadly, the paradoxical sexual politics of the Right. In many respects– from the foundation of the Primrose League in 1883 all the way to the 2010 so-called ‘Mumsnet’ election — the success of British Conservatives to organise and mobilize women has been ‘exceptional’. In the weeks after the General Election, we will come together to assess the British Conservative Party’s gender politics, and rethink right-wing women as political leaders, activists, organisers, and voters.
We wish to welcome you to a joint session run by the Gender History and Early Modern Discussion Groups. This session will involve 5-minute ‘lightning talks’ from PhD students from the History Department.
The event will take place on: Tuesday 25th November 2014, 2:00pm Jessop West Exhibition Space
This is an opportunity for all PhD students researching Gender History and/or the Early Modern period to focus on improving their presentation skills, informing an audience of their research, and also an opportunity for first year students to share/discuss ideas for their new projects.