Tag Archives: Julie Gottlieb

Call for Applications: The Effects of National Crises on Mental Health with Dr Julie Gottlieb

The Effects of National Crises on Mental Health:
Studying the history of emotion using a stress-response paradigm

University of Sheffield students completing their second year of undergraduate study are invited to apply to this SURE scheme. Students in History, Medicine, and Sociology are especially encouraged to apply, but students from all disciplines will be considered

About the scheme:
SURE offers The University of Sheffield’s undergraduate students an opportunity to become directly involved in the research activity of the University, take part in “real life” research projects in subject areas that are of special interest, and experience what it’s like to work in partnership with academic staff or collaboratively in a research group.

Prof. Scott Weich (Chair of Mental Health) and Dr Julie V. Gottlieb (Reader in History)

Bursary amount:
Students will be awarded a bursary of £1,080 for a six-week project. This will be paid in two lots; 70% in week one, and 30% on completion of the project. A modest expense allowance is also available for research trips and subscriptions to required online resources.

Projects begin on 12/6/2017, and end on 21/7/2017

The expectation is that the student will be based in Sheffield or be available to attend regular supervision meetings in Sheffield over the 6-week period of the project.

SURE Requirements:
Completion of a written report by 25 August, and a dissemination piece (i.e. poster) by 24 November (this will be presented at the SURE showcase in February 2018)

Application procedure:
University of Sheffield students completing their second year of undergraduate study are eligible to apply. Students in History, Medicine, and Sociology are especially encouraged to apply but students from all disciplines will be considered.

Please send an expression of interest in the form of a statement of 250-400 words outlining any relevant experience and explaining what you would like to contribute to the project to both julie.gottlieb@sheffield.ac.uk and s.weich@sheffield.ac.uk .

Provide us with you contact details, your degree programme, and confirm that you will be available in June and July to attend supervisions in Sheffield and carry out the research. For further information, you are welcome to attend Dr Gottlieb’s office hours Tuesdays 10.30-11.30 and Thursdays 12-1 in the Jessop West Building, room 3.04.

Deadline: 5 May, 2017

Further information:
Understanding the effects of historic national or global crises on mental health, and how these effects are manifest, mediated, ameliorated and exacerbated, has great contemporary relevance. As well as contributing to the study of the history of emotion (and developing new methodologies for this), this work will inform contemporary public health planning and estimates of need for mental health services by modelling historical impacts of specific types of threat on rates of mental disorder. The research is based on an existing collaboration between the supervisors, Prof. Weich and Dr Gottlieb, an academic psychiatrist and a historian. Students will be supervised in exploring the emotional and behavioural responses to well characterised, historic social stressors, namely large-scale, sudden or catastrophic social, economic or political crises.

There are four bursary places available to work under supervision on these two linked projects within a common theoretical and empirical framework. Both studies will contribute to the development, testing and refining of theories using a framework based on validated biological human stress-response models. We propose to study two national crises: one occurring in the 20th century (the Munich Crisis of 1938) and one in the 21st century (specifically the 2008 global financial crisis or the migrant crisis since 2015). Two students will be directed to work on each theme, under supervision. The strength of this approach lies in the complimentary nature of the data underpinning the two case studies and opportunity for cross-fertilisation.

The research will comprise 5 distinct stages, plus a final stage devoted to project dissemination:

Stage 1: We will undertake preliminary theorising, in which we will adapt biological (individual) stress-response models and the key constructs of threat (acute versus chronic threat), loss and defeat to social settings in which distinct groups (e.g. women, young people, those of minority ethnicity etc.) may be discerned. We will use this stage to consider how different types of social stress (including physical threats, financial or economic loss and threats to future aspirations) and personal or group vulnerabilities are characterised within a stress-diathesis paradigm. We will use these theories to generate testable hypotheses relating to the crises to be studied.

Stage 2: We will identify the two crises to be studied (one occurring in the 20th century and one in the 21st century) and identify and characterise the groups of interest, including (where appropriate) persecuted and persecutors, aggressor and victims, victors and those defeated or subjugated. We will develop our data searching, collection, extraction and analysis strategies in stage 2.

Stage 3: We will identify the key sources to be used, including (where available) scientific publications, journals, diaries, newspapers and other media, and official statistics, and indicate how each of these will be used to characterise the nature of the threat and to evaluate effects. We will also develop data extraction forms to ensure that the data are collected systematically.

Stage 4: Will collect and analyse data on the crises under review, including data from historical sources and, where available, official statistics and person-level data (e.g. social or health surveys and coroners records to identify suicides).

Stage 5: We will review, update and augment the theories developed in stage 1, for instance to reflect the ways in which threat, loss and defeat manifest their emotional and behavioural effects, and in whom, as well as the ways in which these effects are modified by circumstances and/or personal resilience or vulnerability.

The proposed research will augment a Wellcome Trust Seed Award awarded to Dr Gottlieb which is due to begin in September 2017 (for 12 months), and on which Prof Weich is a co-investigator. The Wellcome Award on “Suicide, Society and Crisis” seeks to answers to the following questions: What is the relationship between suicide and world crises? Does the suicide rate increase during periods of acute political, economic and international crisis? How do clinicians and coroners, academics and artists, politicians and pundits, the media, and suicides themselves diagnose the causal link between mental illness, personal desperation and national crisis? Prof Weich leads the Mental Health Research Unit at ScHARR, which has a strong culture of postgraduate teaching. In addition to being an NHS Consultant Psychiatrist and teacher (of medical students, postgraduate doctors in training and postgraduate MSc and PhD research students). He has a track record of public mental health research, and has published extensively on the social, economic and spatial determinants of the most common mental disorders, anxiety and depression, at the population-level. He has particular expertise in the use of routine datasets to estimates rates of mental disorder in populations.

Gendering Peace Conference

About the Conference

During and after the First World War, blueprints for peace and a non-violent reordering of society permeated all countries in Europe. They were political, artistic and practical responses to the experience of total war, based on a wide array of different political and religious values and motives. While many of these ideas and initiatives have been studied in some detail, the gendering of peace in Europe during and between the two world wars has not as yet been systematically analysed.

The gendering of initiatives for and debates over peace was a crucial element of European politics from the onset of the Great War to the struggles over appeasement in the run-up to the Second World War, and to the planning for post-war reconstruction. The gendering of peace is more than just the study of women’s pacifist groups – even though this is an important part of it. The notion of a gendering of peace refers to the fact that the different roles, emotions, and forms of agency that are attributed to men and women were crucial parameters for the ways in which a non-violent re-ordering of national polities and international relations was envisaged and legitimised. For example, male conscientious objectors as well as female pacifists were portrayed as ‘effeminate’, thus delineating a gendered space for the debate over non-violent politics. Discourses on nationalism and sovereignty in the wake of the Treaties of Paris in 1919/20 were ripe with gendered metaphors that portrayed the task of peaceful self- determination as a predominantly male endeavour. Debates over maternalism and the role of mothers in society were a crucial site for conceptualising a critique of belligerence.

The organising themes of the conference are as follows:

  1. gender and non-violent practices, including the reception of Gandhi’s ideas in Europe;
  2. masculine/feminine values and metaphors in debates over national sovereignty and rearmaments;
  3. competing spaces and forms of agency for men and women in European pacifism;
  4. the gendering and politicization of pacifism and peace campaigns across the political spectrum;
  5. the evolution of pacifist commitment in the face of fascism and war.

We will discuss these issues in this two-day conference, to be held at the HRI on 20-21 January, 2017.

Please see the conference website for the call for papers and further details

Julie Gottlieb granted a Seed Award in Humanities and Social Science from the Wellcome Trust

Julie’s Seed Award in Humanities and Social Science will begin in late 2017 supported by The Wellcome Trust, a global charitable foundation which supports researchers in their efforts to take on big problems, and to spark debates. Julie’s project is entitled ‘Suicide, Society and Crisis’ and will focus on links between suicide and socio-political crisis.

About the project:
For over 150 years, instances and rates of suicide have been a hugely symbolic resource for making statements about society. The key goal of this project is to investigate the links between suicide and political and social crisis, at macro and micro levels. Do suicide rates increase in times of socio-political crisis, and, if so, why? How do psychiatrists, pathologists, jurists, coroners, politicians, and the public understand suicide epidemics as symptomatic of instability? These questions will be brought to bear on a case study of the suicide epidemic triggered by war fear during the Munich Crisis (1938-39), and documented in the Wellcome collections, Coroners records and Press representation. Together with key collaborators in the medical humanities and the crossdisciplinary field of suicidology, in two conferences we will test psychological, psychiatric, sociological and historical theories about how internalisation of dramatic socio-political change effects incidents, methods, and attitudes towards suicide. Our preliminary findings will be disseminated through journal articles, History & Policy, and blogs, offering historical insight into recent suicide epidemics connected to PTSD and veterans of the Iraq Wars, the increase in suicides during the 2008 Financial Crisis, mental health in refugee communities, up to the psychological fallout of Brexit.

The Battle of Cable Street 80 Years On

We welcome a panel of experts to illuminate the events of the day and its meaning and memory: Prof. Tom Buchanan, Prof. Nigel Copsey, Dr Julie Gottlieb, Prof. Anne Kershen, Dr Daniel Lee, Prof. Mary Vincent, filmmaker Yoav Segal & researcher Liam Liburd.

There will be an exhibition in Jessop West on ‘The Battle of Cable Street in the University in Sheffield’s Special Collections and Archives’, displaying material hat illustrates the deep significance of the day’s events from multiple perspectives – the working -class, he Jewish community, ethnic minorities, solidarity with the Spainish, the forces of anti-fascism, policing nd public order (as well as the BUF’s narrative)- then and since.

Look out for a special series of blogs on History Matters, guest edited by Dr Julie Gottlieb, that offers further context and aims to generate a wider public debate about the lessons and significance of the Battle of Cable Street today.

Light refreshments served
Please contact Dr. Julie Gottleib for more details

Suffragette Film Screening and Historical Panel

“The Time is Now”

The University of Sheffield History Society and Women’s Committee invites you to their International Women’s Day Event screening and panel discussion of the 2015 SUFFRAGETTE film. The panel will be chaired by Dr. Julie Gottlieb featuring Prof. Laura Schwartz, Prof. Krista Cowman, Dr. Jessica Meyer, Dr. Jennifer Davey and Dr. Alison Twells. The panel discussion will start at 17.00 with a break for refreshments before the film starts at 19.30. Film Unit are facilitating the showing of the film.

Directed by Sarah Gavron and starring Carey Mulligan, Helena Bonham Carter, Brendan Gleeson and Meryl Streep, SUFFRAGETTE is a film which follows the story of the early feminist movement as women foughtfor the right to vote. This highly emotive and critically acclaimed film will shape the panel discussion through which academic historians will discuss the potrayals and perceptions of the feminist movement in History.

Tickets are free. However, there are limited tickets available for this event so please book your place by following the link.

Please show your Eventbrite ticket on your phone or as a print out on the night. You must attend the panel event in order to get free viewing of the film.

Julie Gottlieb (Sheffield) ‘Chamberlain’s Umbrella: ‘Object’ Lessons in the History of Appeasement’ and book launch!


After the seminar you are also warmly invited to join Julie for the launch of her new book: ‘Guilty Women’, Foreign Policy and Appeasement in Inter-War Britain in Blackwell’s bookshop, Jessop West from 6pm.

A note on the book:
The history of foreign policy and appeasement has too often been told with the women left out. But were there ‘Guilty Women’ who supported the ‘Guilty Men’ and endorsed British foreign policy? ‘Guilty Women’, Foreign Policy and Appeasement in Inter-War Britain examines the place of gender in the formation, presentation and cultural meaning of British foreign policy in the 1930s. Despite their marginalization from high political office and their formal exclusion from the Diplomatic Service, it breaks new ground by demonstrating that women were present in high-level foreign policy-making circles—such as the Cliveden Set, within the Conservative Party, or as Churchill’s anti-appeasement allies. It considers the range and effectiveness of political responses amongst British women to the threat of fascism in the 1930s; how public and press debates about foreign policy adopted gendered imagery and language; and it argues that female public opinion – both real and imagined – was an important dynamic in electoral politics and discourse during the crisis years. Indeed, women’s feelings and fears of war weighed heavily on PM Neville Chamberlain, ‘the Father of Peace’, during the Munich Crisis, while the whole policy and practice of appeasement came to be understood as an emasculated response to the hyper-virile dictatorships.

Seminar: 16:15 Jessop West Room G:03
Book launch: 18:00 Blackwell’s Jessop West

All welcome!

Rethinking Right-Wing Women

Today our own Julie Gottlieb features on BBC Radio 4’s Womens Hour talking about her upcoming conference: Rethinking Right-Wing Women.

This two-day international conference explores the relationship between women and conservatism since the late 19th century. In the media frenzy and the re-enactment of the visceral political divisions of the 1980s that greeted the death of Margaret Thatcher in April, 2013, it soon became clear that Britain’s first woman Prime Minister was being portrayed as an aberrant figure who had emerged from a party of men. It appeared that the media and the public had not been well enough served by academics in making sense of and contextualizing the Thatcher phenomenon and, more broadly, the paradoxical sexual politics of the Right. In many respects– from the foundation of the Primrose League in 1883 all the way to the 2010 so-called ‘Mumsnet’ election — the success of British Conservatives to organise and mobilize women has been ‘exceptional’. In the weeks after the General Election, we will come together to assess the British Conservative Party’s gender politics, and rethink right-wing women as political leaders, activists, organisers, and voters.

Rethinking Right-Wing Women on BBC Radio 4 Women’s Hour (starts at 33:08)

Rethinking Right-Wing Women conference website

Which Witch is Which? Margaret Thatcher as Lady Politician

Women to the Right: The Ascendancy of Women in Conservative Politics

The Right-Wing Women of Wales: A Secret History

‘The Men Have Turned Against Me’: Winston Churchill and the Gender Politics of the 1945 Election

Women & Communism Workshop

Open to staff, MA and PGR students

Wednesday 3rd December 2014 14:30-17:30
Humanities Research Institute (HRI) Seminar Room

A joint project between the History Department and SLC, ‘Women and Communism’ will be a workshop of six short, informal papers on the historical role of women in the political far left. Topics will include women in the Soviet Union, women responding to Fascism, and women and Communism in Turkic cultures.

Refreshments will be provided.

Please find a full programme for the event below. For expressions of interest, and to register your intention to attend, please contact Alun Thomas: athomas2@shef.ac.uk

14:30 – Session One
15:15 – Ten minute coffee break
15:25 – Session Two
16:10 – Ten minute coffee break
16:20 – Session Three
17:05 – Final discussions

Session One: Women in the Soviet Union
Miriam Dobson: ‘Protestant Women in late Soviet society: Gender, Authority, and Protest’
Hannah Parker: ‘The Expression of Unhappy Emotions in Women’s Correspondence with the Soviet State, 1920-1941’

Session Two: Women and Communism in Turkic Cultures
Alun Thomas – ‘The Red Yurts: Educating Women in Soviet Kazakhstan’
Michael Erdman- ‘Women as a Measure of Modernization in the Writings of Turkish Maoists, 1971-1980’

Session Three: Women Responding to the Far-Right
Ruth Littlewood – ‘Emblematic Figures in the Life Writing of Female Communist Prisoners in Spain’
Julie Gottlieb – ‘British Women’s War on Fascism’